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German wine varieties

White grape variety


Germany is the hometown of Rhine Riesling, Here, Riesling is better than other grape varieties to represent the soil conditions of vineyards. It can be described as a pearl of the german white grape varieties and accounts for about 22% of the whole german grape cultivation area. The harvest time is normally in October or November. The wines taste fresh, delicate, with floral and fruity flavors. It is rich in aromas of peaches, pears, apples, apricots, black currants, mangos and even have smells of petrol, slates, ores and some other strange smells. After aging, the wine will become more harmonious, showing a perfect sense of level.

But it is difficult to plant Riesling. It needs a long and cold climate to form its elegant flavor. Especially after the effect of botrytis, it can be brewed to a shocking sweet wine. The high acidity of the grape itself can counterpoise the high sweet of itself. so it will not make people feel too sweet and greasy and make the wine show a perfect sense of level.


Müller Thurgau

This variety was began to plant since 1960s of last century, and now is the most widely planted white grape variety of Germany, accounts for about 23%. The latest genetic studies showed that this variety was hybridized with Riesling and Gutedel by Dr. Müller in 1882 (Previously it was said that it was the hybrid of Riesling and Silvaner, now it has been proved to be wrong). This variety matures early, and has high production. The harvest time is September, usually it is only used to make daily table wine.



It is a old variety, accounts for 7% plantingarea. It has the best performance among the dry wines of Franken. It is rich in strange fruity aromas. Its quality can compare with french Chablis.



Other white wine grapes

Pinot Blanc, Scheurebe, Kerner, Rieslaner, Huxelrebe, Gewürztraminer, Chardonnay, etc.


Red grape varieties


It′s a old red variety, and forms a partner relationship with red and white grapes of german Riesling, it accounts for 7% of the whole german cultivation areas. The berries are small, and mature late. It is originally from France's Burgundy region, the wine of this variety is fullbodied, delicate, with a slight flavor of almonds. It is commonly produced inBaden.


Pinot Gris

Traditionally it is also called “Ruländer”, often used to make sweet wines, but in the recent years it is used to make refreshing dry wines.



It is planted in Wiirttemberg area, The planting-area accounts for about 2%. The wine of this grape variety tastes mild, balanced acidity, rich in floral aromas, and has a fresh taste. Additionally, the rose wine, which is the mixture of Trollinger and white wines, is a specialty of Wirttemberg.


Other red grapes varieties

Portugieser,Dornfelder,Schwarziesling,Blauer Lemberger,Staint Laurent,Domina.


This Information is provided by DWI.

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